Women have a higher life expectancy
The world health organization (WHO) is concerned with the well-being of the world’s population. Currently, the WHO address the question of why men are dying all over the world earlier than women. From their global study, some insights can be deduced. In the following article we try to answer the question.
Surprisingly, more boys are born way
The WHO reported in their recent study about the born every year, significantly more boys than girls. 2019 worldwide are born more than 141 million babies, the WHO estimates. At birth, there is still a significant young surplus of 73 million, the newborn will be boys and only 68 million girls.
As a result, the men are dying earlier than women, in order to turn this ratio in the course of life. In the age group of 50 – to 54-Year-old has compensated for the difference (in 2016). In the 60 – to 64-Year-old the women were already in the Majority, here the researchers were only 95 men for every 100 women. This development continued in the higher age groups.
Women not only have the privilege of a higher life expectancy – you are also staying healthy longer
The WHO reported that the life expectancy of people increases worldwide. Today is born the young are, on average, almost 70 years old and the girl is 74 years old. That’s about five years longer than in 2000.
The healthy years people spend free from disease, to continue to go up. Therefore, today born babies can look forward on average to 63.3 years of healthy life. But women also have a distinct advantage, because the number of healthy life years for women is located approximately 64.8 years of age and in men only at the age of 62.
For an earlier men die of many causes
The shorter life expectancy of men has a lot of different reasons, explain the researchers in their study. Of the 40 most frequent causes of death in the 33 have a larger impact on the life expectancy of men.
There are reasons which can be genetically explained. For example, processes, which are associated with the X chromosome to explain that girls have a stronger immune system and your child is more likely to survive. In the year 2017, the risk of young men dying before the fifth birthday was eleven percent higher than that of the girls.
Other causes are related to gender roles. Since men are more likely to be in the transport sector, they are also more frequently victims of accidents than women. The risk for men of dying in a traffic accident, from 15. Age is more than twice as high as that of the female sex.
In poor countries, the differences are not so serious as in rich
It was noted that in poorer regions, the differences in life expectancy between men and women are lower. Mainly this is due to the dangers in and around a pregnancy. In countries with a low income is one of 41 women dies in connection with pregnancy or childbirth. In countries with a high income a is affected by 3300 women.
In addition, in poor countries more people die from infectious diseases, this meeting, however, men and women alike.
In rich countries, however, the differences in life expectancy can to a greater extent by environmental factors and an unhealthy lifestyle to explain. So is drinking in countries with a high income in a global comparison of the most alcohol and the most smoked. Men have a significantly larger share than women. According to the study, Smoking more than women and consume four times as much alcohol.
The greatest potential to increase life expectancy in men, lies in the change of lifestyle, what affects the consumption of tobacco and alcohol, as well as a healthy diet, reported the WHO.
Murders and suicides are also a factor
Global pass in relation to the population size, the majority of murders in the American Region, composed of Northern and Central South America. In the WHO European Region, including Russia, by contrast, the suicide rate in the worldwide comparison, the highest.
These two factors, a gender exists in turn a difference. The global data, is the risk that a man may take life, 75 percent higher than that of a woman. In addition, men die four times more often by suicide than women.
Men care less about their health
It is also observed that men usually pick up later on help than women suffering from the same diseases. Infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis are delayed in men is often diagnosed and later treated. The result is that you will develop with your weakened body is more frequently a result of diseases and more likely to die of Aids than women, the researchers say. Especially men should be informed, therefore, better information about patterns of disease and on the need for a doctor’s visit informed. (fm)