Personal Health

Yellow fever mosquitoes, jellyfish, leech: In what countries do you protect you need to

The summer holidays are coming up. Hundreds of thousands of Germans, it now draws in the surrounding seas. But also in Europe, meanwhile, a dangerous plague have lead in spirits, which you should take good care of it. FOCUS Online shows which popular holiday regions, you should be aware of.

In many popular tourist destinations, not just recreation is waiting for you. The number of insects that transmit diseases, and other dangerous animals is increasing throughout Europe.

Tiger mosquitoes on the Mediterranean sea

For years, the Asian tiger mosquito in the Mediterranean home makes it symbolically. They can transmit diseases such as Dengue or West – Nilfieber exactly like the Chikungunya Virus.

Recently, the center for travel medicine (CRM) announced that it had again plugged tourists in Spain with the Chikungunya Virus. The disease, which usually occurs only in Africa and South-East Asia, triggers fever and pain, behind any result, can damage. However, there is neither a vaccination nor medication, the disease subsides after one to two weeks.

The CRM recommends to pay attention in the Mediterranean regions in General always on mosquito repellent. Particularly suitable medium with the active ingredients Icaridin or DEET were.

Then, it is also less likely with Dengue or West Nile fever infect. In front of the latter to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) in the whole of southern Europe, but also in Austria and Hungary warns currently. West Nile fever results in fever and chills, but can also cause deadly diseases such as Meningitis and encephalitis. The main carriers of the virus are birds, mosquitoes, carry the pathogen but also on people.

  • Read also: West Nile Virus in Germany – What about the deadly fever need to know

Yellow fever mosquitoes in Croatia, Spain, France and Madeira

Who is ill with Dengue fever, noticed pain the first, with a fever or muscle. Usually the pain subsides after a few days. But this disease can take a severe to fatal. So far, there have been cases of Dengue fever in Croatia, Spain, France and Madeira. In Madeira it has in the meantime also a Population of so-called yellow fever mosquito at home. Similar to the tiger mosquito, also it originates from tropical regions, and can transmit the same diseases, as of yellow fever.

  • Also read: tropical infections – medical alert: climate change is attracting more and more tropical mosquitoes to the North

Sand flies on the Mediterranean sea

The CRM is also warning in the entire Mediterranean sandflies. You can transfer the virus of the flu-like Pappataci fever, but also Leishmania. Leishmania can cause severe organ damage and skin ulcers. Even before these insects the right mosquitoes could help protection at its best with the active ingredients Icaridin or DEET. The should apply bathers but only if the sun cream is fully absorbed.

Portuguese galley to Mallorca and Portugal

But not only from mosquitoes, travellers need to take in Eight. As in the previous year, in 2019, again dangerous jellyfish were spotted on the Balearic island of Mallorca. The Portuguese galley has up to 50-Meter-long tentacles, whoever touches you, feels a strong pain and can suffer burns. Individual sightings, there was this year in Portugal, Madeira and the Azores.

Who came in with a poisonous jellyfish in contact, you should rinse the affected area with fresh water or alcohol. Still tentacle remnants should be on the body, moisten it with salt water, but it is still with the shaving foam. Scrape off the residue afterwards with a blunt object, for example, a credit card, be careful. Then you dust a fine Sand over the irritated skin.

Also, you should be cool with a cool pack or Gel from the pharmacy. Important in all these steps: do Not RUB! The can stimulate the tentacles to more venom or the venom deeper into the skin to carry. You will have strong or long-lasting symptoms persist, you should consult a doctor.

Fire jellyfish in the Baltic sea

Also unpleasant encounters are jellyfish with Fire. This cavort to the German coast along the Baltic sea. Swimmers you will see your dark-red to yellow color. Caution: Also, if you are already dead on the beach, can cause their tentacles still burns!

Tentacles of a fire jellyfish, you can remove as well as that of a Portuguese galley.

  • Also read: tiger mosquito and Portuguese man – These deadly tropical diseases threatening in Europe

Pärchenegel on the island of Corsica

A particularly nasty, but nonetheless important trip note there are currently by the Federal foreign office for Corsica. On the river Cavo, near the town of Porto Vecchio in the South of the island recently, there have been cases of so-called schistosomiasis. Is triggered, this disease is caused by Schistosoma haematobium, a Pärchenegel that penetrates through the skin and into the bloodstream to grow in the liver, a suction worm and ultimately into the bubble nests.

There, he may cause the dangerous disease Schistosomiasis, which if left untreated can lead to death. The Pärchenegel even be associated with the development of cancer.

Who noticed after bathing in the river Cavo, a itchy rash, and should check with a doctor. It could be the entry point of a Pärchenegels. In the further course of the disease, in addition to discomfort in the urinary tract, as well as pain or blood during urination. Able to demonstrate to physicians the worm disease with a urine sample.