You can develop type 2 diabetes at any stage of your life, including childhood. People who are overweight or obese are more susceptible, with the average age being 45 or older. Physical inactivity and certain health problems such as high blood pressure affect your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop the condition if you have pre diabetes or had gestational diabetes. If you’re living with diabetes, and take insulin, you’ll need to take that into account when eating carbs. Learn about which foods contain carbohydrates, how to estimate carbohydrate portions and how to monitor their effect on blood glucose levels.
All carbohydrate is converted into glucose. In someone without diabetes, the body produces insulin automatically to deal with glucose that enters the blood from the carbohydrate-containing food that we eat and drink.
In a study at the American Diabetes Association, seven trials and two meta-analyses were examined and looked at the effects of moderate or high carbohydrate diets on the glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Four studies showed a 80 percent higher level in their glucose levels following a high-carb diet.
Another study by Paleo Leap looked at the recent research on low carb diets for type 2 diabetes and found that many recent studies show the benefits of following a low-carb diet.
It found that a very low carb diet had better results than a moderate-carb diet.
It suggested that a large sweet potato, couple of parsnips, and a big pile of non-starchy vegetables will reach you to the low level of carbs required a day.
However carbohydrates are essential to anyone’s diet as it is the main source of energy and provide important nutrients for overall good health. The type, and amount, you consume can make a difference to your blood sugar levels and diabetes management. As with most things in life – moderation is key.
Symptoms of diabetes include:
- Increased hunger or thirst
- Increased hunger
- Feeling tired
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling in your feet
- Sores that do not heal
- Unexplained weigh loss
Many people with diabetes are following a low-carb diet because of its benefits in terms of improving diabetes control, weight loss and being a diet that is satisfying and easy to stick to
Diabetes UK said: “The diet has allowed many people with type 2 diabetes to resolve their diabetes, that is to get their blood sugar levels into a non-diabetic range without the help of medication.
“Pasta, potatoes and rice are all carbohydrates that cause a surge in the blood sugar levels as they are broken down. These surges can be tricky with diabetes burt with simple changes in the foods they eat and how they prepare them it is possible to keep levels low.”
Experts believe the best diet for type 2 diabetes is the Mediterranean diet, a well-balanced diet rich in foods such as vegetables, meats, legumes, nuts and fruit were ideal to keeping blood sugar levels low.
The recommended amount of carbohydrates that should be consumed is 30g a day.
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